Our latest Outsourced Chief Investment Officer report features a list of 103 OCIO firms, each with updated contact information and AUM numbers. It’s the most comprehensive and accurate available.
For the nine months ending December 31st, 2021, the managers on our list added $381 billion (an 11.64% gain) in AUM, totaling a record $3.658 trillion dollars in discretionary outsourced assets.
But after years of steady growth, it’s apparent there’s a shakeout underway.
As we noted in our February 2021 OCIO update, discretionary asset managers without products to sell are notoriously hard to scale. Brilliant, original strategies lose their potency when they are widely copycatted. Or, a strategy works in one season, in one kind of market, but not in another.
That’s why so many OCIOs and RIAs now have private equity partners or reside within much larger financial or consulting organizations.
As Jon Hirtle, executive chairman of OCIO provider Hirtle Callaghan, remarked to Alicia McElhaney in a recent Institutional Investor article, “In business school, they teach you there’s a group of pioneers. If it works, there’s a flurry of copycat activity. And then there’s a shakeout and a consolidation.”
From our vantagepoint, it looks like the industry is entering the consolidation phase.
Wealth management M&A activity reached an all-time high in 2021, with an announced 307 transactions according to Echelon Partners’ 2021 RIA M&A Deal Report.
Over the last sixteen months, CapTrust acquired Ellwood Associates, iM Global Partners bought Litman Gregory, New Providence joined The Colony Group, Focus Financial bought CornerStone, and US Bank swallowed PFM – five firms on our last OCIO list.
And from what we hear there is plenty of dry powder and amenable prospects waiting in the wings.
Barron’s reported last November that “KKR is taking a stake in Beacon Pointe Advisors, the largest female-led RIA, in a deal that values the acquisitive firm at over $1 billion.” This after KKR invested in and then exited from Focus Financial, another RIA and OCIO aggregator.
Given this merger merry-go-round, we took our cue from Institutional Investor and spoke with Mr. Hirtle, “a pioneer in the outsourced chief investment officer business,” as Ms. McElhaney put it.
What did he think about the buy-out mania? Is the independent OCIO model still viable? And if so, how does one keep the “barbarians” at bay?
We include our conversation with Mr. Hirtle below.
What about the elephant?
Our data suggests that demand for outsourced investment services will continue to grow at a healthy rate, but that new entrants face formidable odds.
Why? Because there’s an elephant in the room. Concentration. A handful of managers control the bulk of the money.
Just eight providers – Aon, Blackrock, Goldman Sachs, Mercer, Russell, SEI, State Street, and Willis Towers Watson – manage well over half the OCIO assets, $2.073 trillion of the $3.658 trillion AUM.
That’s fifty-seven percent of the outsourced pie. And they kept a tight hold on their market share in our latest reporting period, securing fifty-five percent or $211 billion of the $381 billion gain.
Big Eight ranked by AUM SizeRead More »
Honey, We’re Rich!
Say what, dear reader? You have just been blessed with a humongous liquidity event?
After decades of work and a bit of luck you “suddenly” have millions, perhaps even tens or hundreds of millions of dollars in investible wealth after selling your business or going public.
You are now officially rich, and it feels great.
But wait. What’s that? Obscure family members you never knew existed are beseeching you for “loans”; allegedly good causes from Missoula to Mozambique are demanding donations; sketchy financial “advisors” are bombing your email and phones with “once-in-a-lifetime opportunities.”
First Things First
We’ve recruited family office investment heads and advised on selecting wealth-management firms. But it works both ways. We listen very carefully to our clients and learn a lot from them.
Here is some advice from clients who have been through it.
- The very first thing. Hire a tough, experienced lawyer who is used to dealing with wealth managers, brokers, and solicitors. (Not just the firm who helped you with routine legal chores on the way up.) It will be money well spent and you won’t regret it. You will need a real pro to run interference for you against the sharks.
- The very next thing. Hire a reliable and reputable accountant who understands the complexities of wealth-management. You will need financial controls and a voice of caution. Dollars can slip away fast without an experienced check on your newly-rich exuberance.
- Take your time. No sudden moves. Think about how to organize your affairs, your objectives, impact on family-members and upcoming generations.
- Establish a realistic spending rate. And stick to it. One rashly-purchased yacht, jet, or hobby-ranch can punch a surprisingly big hole in your seemingly-unsinkable new fortune.
Fortune and FateRead More »
Occasionally we publish commentary from other sources. This short piece from PitchBook on venture capital’s skyrocketing valuations is a timely follow up to our last note on investment returns 2021.
As Mary Cahill, former Emory University CIO, commented in a recent Fundfire post, “Gains on paper are not the same as money in the bank.”
Speaking of investment returns, the last two years under Covid have been strange days indeed. Half the population can’t make rent, while the other half – anyone with assets – runs the table.
One year ago, in FY2020, university endowment returns averaged 1.8 percent. This year our back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest an average in the low thirties.
It’s anybody’s guess what next year will bring, but we’ll leave you dear readers with these words of investment wisdom from a master of the craft.
“Go for a business that any idiot can run – because sooner or later any idiot probably is going to be running it.”
― Peter Lynch
Best wishes for the Holidays and a great 2022.
— Charles Skorina
PitchBook, December 4, 2021
Has 2021’s ramp-up in IPO activity been a rush to the exits prior to a change in the market cycle?
Is it just the new normal?
Time will tell, but one thing is certain: US VC-backed IPOs have broken all kinds of records this year, unlocking more than $500 billion of liquid value.
The median company valuation at IPO is nearly 60% greater than its last private valuation. However, our VC IPO index has shown relative underperformance against the S&P 500 since the beginning of 2021.
Long-term performance still shows above-market returns, but inflationary pressure and the increased expectations of interest rate hikes in the coming year have introduced more volatility in the market for these freshly public companies.
These swings have been especially potent in the software space, which represents nearly 50% of the total weight of the IPO index, as the lofty valuation multiples placed on those companies have received a reality check in the face of rising discount rates.
While the majority of the underperformance came earlier in the year, it remains top of mind given the signs of increased market uncertainty—which have been amplified by fresh pandemic-related concerns.
This represents a significant threat to the sustainability of the IPO volumes we’ve seen over the last couple of years, as negative price performance or just general uncertainty will discourage IPO plans for certain startups, especially if they have access to other financing and liquidity options.
We will maintain vigilant coverage of this space as we expect IPOs and their performance to be a leading indicator on the health of the VC industry, as public markets have facilitated the majority of exit value over the last two years.
For more data and analysis, click to download our free Index of Venture-Backed IPOs.
Feel free to reach out with any feedback or questions, or if you would like to discuss the research.
Cameron Stanfill, CFA, Lead Analyst, Venture Capital
PitchBook research (part of Morningstar) reports on private equity and venture capital. We always enjoy the read.
CHARLES SKORINA & COMPANY
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Culver AcademiesRead More »
The good news is that, according to the current administration, the rich will pay for everything.
The bad news is that, according to the current administration, you’re rich.
— P. J. O’Rourke
Institutional investors delivered once-in-a-lifetime investment performance for fiscal 2021, from about 25 percent at the sleepiest public pensions to 65 percent at Washington University, St Louis.
As the late standup comedian Jackie Mason used to quip, “these are returns even the mafia can’t get.”
Take the eight Ivy endowments, for example. Their performance soared from a tepid 6.28 percent average a year ago (and ten-year 9.52 percent) to a sizzling 41.75 percent for fiscal 2021 as our chart below shows.
As of June 30, 2021, the S&P 500 tallied a twelve-month total return of 40.79 percent against the Barclays Agg ETF return of minus 0.3 percent. Even a plain vanilla 70/30 portfolio rang up about 26 percent.All things equity had a run for the ages, but how long can it last?
Private-market-heavy, risk-on endowments, foundations, and pensions enjoyed their best performance ever, thanks to eye-popping venture capital and private equity returns and good old-fashion leverage.
But here’s the caveat, if history teaches us anything, it’s that nothing lasts forever, be it empires or bull markets. Everything ends, the only question is when.
And now here’s the bad news
How are multi-asset institutional investors going to handle their asset allocations over the next few years when venture capital marks are up 80 percent, yet nothing is being realized (where’s the cash?) and investment staffs have planned for VC commitments in the 15 percent to 25 percent range.
As Sam Gallo, CIO at the University System of Maryland Foundation puts it, what do you do when an overvalued asset class takes over your book, eats up your risk budget, and threatens your ability to continue allocations across the entire portfolio? Meanwhile, every VC manager and their cousin is raising a new fund every month and if you don’t re-up, they will never let you in again.
Here’s another pickle. Let’s say a pension or endowment lays on a one percent bitcoin position that jumped to eight percent overnight. Should they rebalance back to one percent so as not to reduce their allocations to other asset classes?
Or what if bitcoin drops fifty percent as it has done at least seven times in the past, cutting that new eight percent allocation down to four percent of book?
Endowments and pensions are supposed to be long term investors, so in theory they should hold on to that bitcoin position.
But keep in mind that CIOs get bonuses by minimizing tracking error relative to their benchmarks, especially on the downside. No board likes to miss benchmarks by more than two percent a year.
What to do?Read More »
If you’re a conventional investor and things go well, that’s great.
If you’re a conventional investor and things go wrong, who could have known?
If you’re an unconventional investor and things go well, maybe you just got lucky.
If you’re an unconventional investor and things go wrong, you’re fired.
Boston Consulting Group’s “Global Wealth 2021” report counts 20,600 UHNW individuals in the US with personal wealth over $100 million. As a group, they hold about $5.8 trillion in investable assets.
By 2025 BCG anticipates an additional 7,400 ultras will have scaled the $100MM heights, packing an additional $2 trillion in assets to invest.
New family office formations, we suspect, are not far behind. And that means a need for more chief investment officers. Lucky us.
But there’s a snag. Institutional style money management and entrepreneurial success are two different things and too often CIOs and ultras don’t understand each other.
A few months ago, I spoke with one of these ultras, a wildly successful first-generation entrepreneur who was thinking about hiring a money manager for his family office.
He had just made a fortune selling his retail empire and wanted to bring on an investment head to channel the cash tsunami about to wash up on his shores.
But during our call, it became clear that an endowment style, risk-focused CIO was not at all what he had in mind.
In his words, “the type of individuals you described – institutional CIOs at endowments and foundations – and the way they invest sounds really boring Charles. I want excitement. I want someone who can help me do more of what I do.”
He’s not alone. Most entrepreneurs have a hard time understanding what institutional CIOs do or why anyone would waste their time investing that way.
Diversification? What’s that?Read More »